Researched and written by David Glick
It was 1954. As a young "full-summer Lakesider" we are standing in front of the 1905 fire station, thinking about helping to tear it down to begin construction on the new building - which remains today on Second Street as the Lakeside Laundromat. "Full-summer Lakesiders'" knew most of the "Locals," as these were the men and women who taught in the local schools, waited on you in the stores and restaurants, painted your cottages, and kept the village alive during its ten-month "off-season." While "Summer People" tended to come and go from one year to the next, the Locals - like the dock - were sure to be there when the new season beckoned.
An elderly "local," Frank Baldwin, walked up to us at the fire station and began to tell us a wide range of stories about the seven General Managers he had lived under in Lakeside. We were especially interested in Mr. Baldwin's unflattering memories of the reign of Rev. C. W. Taneyhill, who left town 50 years earlier.
Was Mr. Baldwin a typical local or someone with a rusty, fifty-year-old ax to grind?
We decided to see what we could learn about the elderly gent. The lakeside Heritage Archive provided a wealth of information on Frank Baldwin. He was born c. 1882 in Alexandria Bay, New York. In 1902, he and a brother, Ford Baldwin, came to the Peninsula to operate the former St. Marie and Ward Grocery store in a small frame building on the site of the present Starcher Enterprises building in western Marblehead. What brought them to Marblehead remains a mystery, but, like so many other locals, it provided a direct link between Lakeside and Marblehead merchants.
In 1905, the Baldwin brothers left their Marblehead business. There is no record of where Ford went, but Frank came to Lakeside to join the Carroll Brothers, who were occupying a brand new cement block general store, where Sloopy's Sports Cafe is housed today. The building had replaced a wooden store that had been destroyed on the same corner by the big fire of February 2 of that year.
Was it romance that brought Frank to Lakeside? On March 26 of 1906, after merely a few months at the Carroll store, he married his bosses' widowed sister, Mary Jane Capes. She was one of five Carroll sisters. In 1894, Mary Jane had married Albert L. Capes, who had worked for Kelly Island Lime & Transport Company. They were blessed with two children: Carroll A. in 1895 and Helen A. in 1896. But Albert Capes suddenly passed in 1900. So by 1906, twenty-four year old Frank Baldwin was a stepfather of two and an extended member and employee of the Carroll family - a true Lakeside Local.
A brief summary of some of the events of Frank's Lakeside years:
His twenty-five year old stepdaughter, Helen (a Danbury High School graduate) lost her battle with tuberculosis. Around this time, Frank left the Carroll Brothers Store after 16 years of employment and became the local agent for the Prudential Insurance Company.
He built and occupied the fine cottage that remains at 203 Lynn Avenue.
He was one of eighteen Locals admitted to membership in the Lakeside Volunteer Fire Protective Association, the first new group of men admitted since 1905.
His wife of thirty years, Mary Jane, passed at the age of 59.
He moved across Second Street to 185 Lynn as a boarder in the home of Jennie Mapes, who had become a widow earlier that year after her husband, Earl Orlo Mapes died. He spent the next nineteen years as her boarder, an arrangement quite common before retirement homes were widely accessible.
He sold 203 Lynn Ave. to another Local, Leroy "Roy" Luebcke, who was Lakeside Superintendent of Grounds.
His stepson, Carroll, died at age 54.
May 24, 1956
Frank Edwin Baldwin, aged 73, died in Magruder Hospital after an extended illness. Appropriately, his funeral services were conducted by Lakeside's General Manager, Dr. Herbert Thompson. He was survived by his brother and former partner in the Marblehead store, Ford Baldwin of Oberlin, Ohio.
Thus Frank Baldwin was a fairly typical Lakeside Local - having close relationships with fellow winter residents, owning a home on leased land under seven general managers whom he had no vote in electing. But he did his part in making a Chautauqua resort a real community, serving his fellow Locals, as well as the Summer People in a number of ways, including protecting the village and its surroundings from fire. Could it be that while the vast majority of Independent Chautauquas disappeared, Lakeside survived, at least partly because Locals like Frank Baldwin kept it alive?
The 2019 season brought with it the 20th anniversary of the beloved Rhein Center for the Living Arts. The building itself - Epworth Lodge - also celebrated its 100th anniversary as an influential Lakeside structure. Construction on Epworth Lodge began in 1918 with funding from the Ohio State Epworth League Institute, known as Lakeside Institute. The building acted as the official administrative and dining hall for the Lakeside Institute, a group responsible for bringing thousands of youth to Lakeside over the course of the next century.
The Epworth League
The Epworth League developed as a Methodist youth association at the Central Methodist Church in Cleveland on May 15, 1885. While other young adult organizations had existed previously in the Methodist Episcopal church, the League effectively merged multiple constitutions into six focused departments: Spiritual Life, Social Work, Literary Work, Correspondence, Mercy and Help, and Finance. The consolidated program adopted the Young People’s Christian League motto - “Look Up, Lift Up” - and spread to nearly two million members in 19,500 chapters worldwide by the turn of the 19th century.
Born out of discussions at the 1914 International Epworth League Convention, the Ohio State Epworth League first met at Lakeside in 1915. The Epworth League commenced that opening “Lakeside Institute” on August 10th with an early afternoon reception at German Auditorium. One hundred and twenty five delegates spent their days in training for Christian service and their downtime enjoying camp fires, boat rides and splash parties. Total cost of attendance was roughly $10, including tickets, travel and food.
The bulk of the programming for the 1915 Institute - as well as for the next 4 summers - took place in Central Auditorium, German (now South) Auditorium, Bradley Temple, and the Brick Church on Fifth Street. By 1917, attendance had shot beyond 500, and plans were in motion to build headquarters for the Institute.
Featured in the diary are entries describing the scene at Ohio State Epworth League and Lakeside Institute from 1913 to 1921, including artifacts such as the registration card shown below.
A brochure for the Second Annual Ohio State Epworth League Institute, found glued into Ms. Pocock's book, offered this motivation for readers to spend the week at Lakeside:
Because, Epworth Leaguer-
You need a vacation.
You need a vacation in an ideal spot.
You need new enthusiasm for your next year's work.
You need more knowledge of how to do the work you want to do.
You need the inspiration and comradeship of other Epworth Leaguers.
You will find them all at THE LAKESIDE INSTITUTE!"
Stop by the LHS Archives to take a look at the diary and read hundreds of stories about those nine years of Epworth League activity.
The Epworth League evolved into the Methodist Youth Fellowship as a response to denominational mergers in the 1930s. It then was rejuvenated in 1994 as the United Methodist Youth Fellowship. To learn more about MYF and Lakeside Institute, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org,
For the last History Highlight of the summer LHS is time traveling to the close of the nineteenth century when our most recent donation, an 1897 Summer Program, was first printed. In celebration of the first 25 years of the community, the Britton Printing Company in Cleveland published this summary of the many wonders found at Lakeside which included a listing of all programming and events. In the 120 summer seasons since publication, Lakeside has seen its fair share of changes. While the summer styles and dining options may be different, Lakeside has continued to win over generations of visitors with opportunities that cannot be found elsewhere.
Travelers visiting Lakeside in 1897 enjoyed an opening program on Tuesday, July 6th comprised of a 7:30 p.m. illustrated lecture called “A Geological History of the Great Lakes” followed by “Preparation for Ship Canals.” The first week of Assembly Programs included “The Scientific Aspects of Christian Evidences” by Professor Wright as well as a Temperance Day lecture on “The Rum Demon” by Reverend A.C. Dixon, D. D. Evening “Pictures from the Cinematographe” occurred three times that season, bringing “the very best of a wonderful modern invention” to the shores of Lake Erie.
This immaculate 1897 booklet was donated to LHS by John A. McKinney Jr., resident of Lakeside and Hackettstown, New Jersey. Its brand-new appearance makes it difficult to believe that rates at Hotel Lakeside are no longer two dollars a day or that daily admission is more that twenty-five cents. The Heritage Society will be scanning pages of the booklet to provide visitors a closer look this week in the museum. After catching up on the current events happening at Lakeside, make your way over to Heritage Hall to see which programs you might have attended 120 summer seasons ago.
As we start week nine of the Lakeside season the Heritage Society would like to thank all those who have contributed to our “Toys of Yesteryear” exhibit at Heritage Hall. Your generous donations have allowed all generations of museum guests to connect with each other and reminisce about the “good ole days” of childhood. This week LHS is adding to the exhibit with another intergenerational item: an original 1948 Highlights for Children magazine.
More than one billion Highlight for Children magazines have been printed since the first publication in 1946. Creators Caroline Clark Myers and Garry Cleveland Myers met while teaching illiterate soldiers in the military, where Caroline had been the first female educator hired by the United States Army. The pair married and began illustrious careers as pioneers in the field of elementary education, teaching parents and educators alike while at Case Western Reserve University. The Myers then spent twelve years working for Children’s Activities and co-authoring a number of parenting books. When the time came to retire, they decided instead to apply their extensive experience and knowledge to the development of a new children’s magazine. Thus Highlights for Children began with the slogan “Fun with a Purpose,” tales of “Goofus and Gallant” and the famous “Hidden Pictures” challenge.
The flagship Highlights for Children magazine is now published out of Columbus, Ohio along with a number of new subscription-based book clubs for children of all ages. In addition to the original magazine, Highlights company produces Highlights Hello, for ages 0 to 2 years old, Highlights High Five, for preschoolers and Highlights Bilingue for Spanish and English speaking audiences. Our November 1948 edition of Highlights magazine was donated to the Heritage
Society by LHS volunteer and Port Clinton resident, Mary Ann Robbs, as part of a larger collection of educational materials from the 1940s to the 1960s.
The Heritage Society will continue to develop the “Toys of Yesteryear” exhibit into the fall, so it is not too late to make your own contribution or stop by to check out the rest of the collection at the Heritage Hall museum.
In the Lakeside Heritage Society returns to highlight our “Toys of Yesteryear” exhibit with the addition of a few vintage Raggedy Ann pieces.
Nearly every Lakesider has heard of Raggedy Ann, but did you know she has a brother named Raggedy Andy? Cartoon artist and author Johnny Gruelle introduced the Raggedy Ann Stories in 1918 after watching his daughter Marcella play with a homemade doll his mother had given to his sister decades before. Gruelle developed his famous doll brand by combining the names two of his favorite poems by James Whitcomb Riley, “The Raggedy Man” and “Little Orphant Annie.” The Indiana based author wrote one new book each year for the two decades following his first publication, including Raggedy Andy Stories in 1920. In each brilliantly colored edition Gruelle lovingly referred to the adventurous siblings as “kindly rag dolls” with red yarn hair and triangles noses.
Our first artifact is a children’s book, Raggedy Ann In the Magic Book, written by Johnny Gruelle and published by the Bobs-Merrill Company in 1961. In this tale, Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy, with “their cotton stuffed heads filled with pleasant thoughts,” follow the path to the Tumbling Brook where they meet a funny creature called a Fuzzywhump. Each chapter depicts their adventures with this Fuzzywhump with imaginative illustrations in bold, bright hues. Unlike some of the earlier editions, which were illustrated by Johnny Gruelle himself, this publication was embellished with drawings by his son, Worth.
In 1997, Raggedy Ann was brought back to life with the production of her own U.S. postage stamp, and in 2002 she was inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame. With the book, Lakeside Heritage Society will be including small ornamental Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy dolls. Each piece of the Raggedy Ann addition was donated by Lakeside Heritage Society volunteer, Gretchen S. Curtis. Visit Heritage Hall this week to view our newly renovated “Toys of Yesteryear” exhibit as it continues to grow. If you would like to donate a vintage toy or book, please contact LHS Manager Dakota Harkins or stop by the Archives.