For this week's Manifest Blog, we have decided to introduce our staff and highlight some of the great work they do in the Archives and Heritage Hall Museum for the 2020 season. Some may be new faces, some may be old faces, but we are all here to help serve you and help with any historical needs you may have!
Lakeside Heritage Society welcomes back former intern, Evan Engelhart, into a new role as the Manager of Operations. Evan was an intern for LHS while completing his B.A. in History at Heidelberg University. He returned to work as the LHS Archival Intern and continued to work as an intern through the 2017 summer season and into 2018 in the Archives. Evan graduated from Heidelberg University in May of 2017 with a degree in History and minor in Public History and is currently pursuing a graduate degree and teaching license in special education through Ashland University. He also has other experience at local museums as he spent two years working at Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums in Fremont, Ohio. When not at Lakeside, Evan spends his mornings coaching football for the Perkins Pirates. This will be his fourth year coaching but his first year with Perkins and is very excited to see what they can accomplish with their new staff! He is very excited to come back to Lakeside and is looking forward to a fun filled summer with LHS! Stop in to the Archives this summer to meet Evan or contact him at email@example.com for more information.
Favorite Museum Artifact: 1800s fire extinguisher
Hobbies/time spent outside of work: Coaching football or anything on the Lake and near water
Hometown: Bellevue, OH
Lakeside Heritage Society also welcomes back another past intern, Haley Hoffman. Her new role in the organization is the archival assistant. Haley grew up in Marblehead and went to Danbury High School. She has been coming to Lakeside her entire life but only recently learned how much history is in this small community. Haley just graduated from Bowling Green State University with a B.A. in History this spring. She was an LHS intern in the summer of 2019 and came back for the winter of that same year. Haley also worked as a student assistant for the BGSU Center for Archival Collections during her senior year in college. Haley will be returning to Bowling Green State University to obtain a master’s degree in Public History in the fall; she hopes to someday become a certified archivist. Haley is excited to return to the Lakeside Heritage Society and apply what she has learned about archiving to help organize and preserve the history of Lakeside.
Favorite Museum Artifact: Sunday School Chautauqua Desk
Hobbies/time spent outside of work: reading, drawing, and spending time on Lake Erie.
Hometown: Marblehead, Ohio
The Lakeside Heritage Society welcomes Laurie Switzer as the professional librarian. Laurie retired as an Educator from Strongsville City Schools. During her career, most years were served at Strongsville High School as the Media Specialist for instructional technology integration and digital literacy. That work included database management of both print and non-print media. Earlier, she taught courses featuring journalism and mass media. After retiring, Laurie was the K-12 Outreach and Special Projects Administrator at Cleveland’s public media entity, ideastream® for seven years. During that time, she managed large public media grants, produced digital media, and served as the instructional designer of NewsDepth, a multimedia current events program for students. For that work, she received four regional Emmy® nominations and was awarded two Emmys.
Laurie earned her undergraduate in Communications from the University of Mount Union, and completed a Master’s of Education in Instructional Technology at Kent State University followed by post-graduate work in Educational Administration at Cleveland State University.
As a past Chair of the board for INFOhio, Ohio’s digital preK-12 library for all Ohio students, Laurie is pleased to continue using her knowledge of MARC records, cataloging, and media management to assist the Lakeside Heritage Society in preserving Lakeside’s memories.
Favorite Museum Artifact: The building itself!
Hobbies/time spent outside of work: Relaxing in Lakeside, reading, gardening, and spending time with family and friends.
Carolyn Beears’ Lakeside story is very much like the multiple personalities story Three Faces of Eve.
Carolyn’s Dad was a Methodist Local Pastor and he served as the Dean for Cleveland District Institute in Lakeside several times. Carolyn and her sisters got to be the camp kids and enjoy Lakeside along with the Instituters during the 1950’s.
The apple does not fall far from the tree and Carolyn served on the staff of Reach Out Conference Camp in Lakeside for 27 summer camps. Carolyn’s best Lakeside memories are camp memories in Wo-Ho-Mis and The Chapel in the Woods and South Auditorium.
A third Lakeside personality came into being about 10 years ago when Carolyn was invited to be the Museum Specialist at Heritage Hall. Carolyn enjoyed a 30-year career doing museum education at the Health Museum and the Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland. Spending the last 10 summers in Lakeside with the Lakeside Heritage Society has been a wonderful gift from God.
Favorite Museum Artifact: The collection of Fine Print Book Store Scavenger Hunt mementos
Hobbies/time spent outside of work: During the winter Carolyn spends her time as a choir member and the Fellowship Chairperson for her church.
Hometown: Cleveland, Ohio
My name is Lisa Bauer and my responsibilities are to catalog and accession objects that have been acquired by the Lakeside Heritage Society. I also input data on memberships and donations. I began working at the LHS archive building in 2017, after retiring from a teaching career. I have lived in the area for 35 years, and my husband and I were both teachers at Danbury Local Schools. Since my retirement, I have been keeping myself busy working at the archives and as a substitute teacher at Danbury. I am also a member of the Board of Zoning Appeals, and soon will be a member of the Ottawa County Board of Elections.
Favorite Museum Artifact: My favorite artifact on display in the museum is a photo circa 1900 of a woman standing by the East Second Street gate. I am always fascinated by old photographs; they tell a story of a moment in time that is long gone.
Hobbies/time spent outside of work: I enjoy traveling, reading, hanging out with friends, and taking walks with my dog, Scruffy. During the “stay-at- home” months I started teaching myself how to play my husband’s guitar. My favorite artifact on display in the museum is a photo circa 1900 of a woman standing by the East Second Street gate. I am always fascinated by old photographs; they tell a story of a moment in time that is long gone.
Former LHS Manager of Operations, Dakota Harkins, has now taken over educational programming for Lakeside Chautauqua as Director of educational and heritage programming. For any programming suggestions or questions, contact Dakota at firstname.lastname@example.org
Written by Evan Engelhart
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors, ushered in a period in American history known as Prohibition. Prohibition officially went into effect on January 17, 1920, with the passage of the Volstead Act. Despite the new legislation, Prohibition was difficult to enforce. The increase of the illegal production and sale of liquor, the proliferation of speakeasies and the accompanying rise in gang violence and other crimes led to waning support for Prohibition by the end of the 1920s. In early 1933, Congress adopted a resolution proposing a 21st Amendment to the Constitution that would repeal the 18th. The 21st Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933, ending Prohibition.
Lakeside’s view of Prohibition and the consumption of alcohol have long been noted. Since the founding of the Methodist camp meetings, alcohol has not been welcome on Lakeside grounds. Still today, you cannot purchase or publically consume alcohol within Lakeside. Lakesiders have historically been supporters of Prohibition and the restraint of alcohol.
The Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) has long had a residence in Lakeside. The WCTU was founded in 1873, with its first apparent reference to Lakeside in 1878, when the program listed a session sponsored by the “Women’s National Temperance Union.” In the late 1880s, the Lakeside Company offered the WCTU a lot to build a headquarters on site. This designated lot was on the corner of Fifth Street and Central Ave, which became 461 Central. This is a clear sign that the Lakeside Company supported the WCTU’s presence in the community and supported their position to end the consumption of alcohol in Lakeside.
According to a 1929 Port Clinton Republican Herald article, famous Evangelicalist Billy Sunday spoke to a crowd of up to 5,000 at Hoover Auditorium. Sunday spoke out against the ratification of the 21st Amendment. He was so against it, he stated that if he had to, he would dry up America himself and that the greatest clamanity that could befall the nation would be the repeal of the 18th Amendment. Sunday’s speech drew one of Lakeside’s largest crowds in Hoover, even today.
Several Peninsular News articles published shortly before the end of Prohibition told the stories of those in the community bold enough to break Prohibition laws in Lakeside. One story from March of 1930 tells the tale of a number of Lakeside and Marblehead boys who came across some washed up liquor and kegs of beer from the water. They then decided to drink that liquor on the shores of Central Park, in the shadow of the old bell. Later that same year, were two articles posted on the same day, a few days after Christmas. The first one explains how a holiday party turned sour when a fight broke out after a night spent with “fire water” and “liquid lightning”. Deputy Sheriff Phillip Lynch was able to restore the peace in Lakeside and the Christmas cheer party was over. That same night, three young men were caught breaking into the local priest’s basement in search of the sacramental wine. There had been wine gone missing “for some time”, so the priest set a trap. He attached an electric bell to the cellar door that would ring in the first floor bedroom. He caught the three youth red handed and handed them over to law enforcement but did not press charges.
These stories, and many more untold stories, tell the tales of alcohol and its consumption within Lakeside’s gates. Once referred to by President Woodrow Wilson as, “a great social and economic experiment”, Prohibition was difficult to enact and even more difficult to enforce. Like much of the country by the early twentieth century, Lakesiders' were ready to rid themselves of alcohol to create a safer, purer, and morally straighter country. While the rest of the country eventually reverted on that goal, Lakeside has historically steered towards a dry community.
Written by Evan Engelhart
Lakeside’s First Elementary School Built 1883, closed 1912. Became a house; still in use.
On the northeast corner of Cedar Avenue and East Seventh Street sits a gray cottage. In 1883, Lakeside set aside three lots at this corner to be sold for $1 to the Danbury Township Board of Education. The school house erected here in 1883 was Lakeside’s first elementary school, serving children until the stone school at Maple Avenue opened in 1912.
The elementary school on this site was sold to a local contractor, George Pettibone, who turned the building 90 degrees (the west side became the north side) and made it a house for his family of four children. The cottage at 663 Cedar is Lakeside’s first elementary school. (George Pettibone was the contractor for Lakeside’s first pavilion built in 1909 at the dock.)
Lakeside High School Built 1891, closed 1912. Building remodeled to a house; razed in 2003.
Built in 1891, Lakeside High School was the first high school for Danbury Peninsula until the stone school opened in 1912. The main floor was supported by black walnut timbers and it had 12-foot ceilings. The first graduation from this school was held in Bradley Temple in 1892, with four girls graduating. The building was converted to a house after its use as a high school and eventually demolished in 2003.
Lakeside Intermediate School Opened 1900 in former church, closed 1912.
Prior to 1875, Methodists in the Danbury Peninsula area met in a small frame one-room chapel without a steeple built in 1860. This church was located on the north side of Route163, just west of what is now Hartshorn Road. After Lakeside was established, the small Methodist Episcopal congregation built a chapel in Lakeside at the NW corner of Maple Avenue and Third Street in 1875, Heritage Hall.
The Methodist congregation sold their former chapel on Route 163 to the Congregational Church. In 1894, the Congregational Church moved the former Methodist chapel from Route 163 about one mile east to the lot immediately east of the K.I. transformer station, now an empty lot. The members of the Congregational Church worshipped at the chapel located here until 1900 when they built their present stone church in Marblehead.
By 1900, Lakeside was a booming year-round community with many merchant class families involved in various businesses in Lakeside and Marblehead. With Lakeside’s elementary school on Cedar Avenue being overcrowded, The Danbury Board of Education purchased and remodeled the former Congregational Church on Route 163 for use as an Intermediate School. The building served this capacity until 1912, when the stone school opened.
After being owned by the Carroll Brothers for some time, the building was converted into a duplex, then remodeled again into a single dwelling purchased in 1970 by Betty Buhrow.
In 1999, when the Lakeside Association was starting to expand the south parking lot, they bought Buhrow’s house. Lakeside sold the house to a contractor who moved the house in 2000 to the lot at 640 Oak Avenue. So, the building that started out as a Methodist Chapel in 1860 is located in Lakeside today as a single family cottage.
Stone School House Built 1912, closed 1956. Still standing today.
By 1912, Lakeside decided to consolidate all three schools (elementary, intermediate, and high school), leading to the construction of the school house built of native limestone from the quarry. The school housed six classrooms, for 1st through 12th grade. Almost from the beginning, the building was overcrowded. It was used for grades 9 to 12 for only 11 years, when current day Danbury High School opened on Route 163 in 1923.
From 1923 until spring 1956, the stone school building served primary grades school on the first floor and intermediate grades on the upper floor. The grass circles on the school grounds are remaining indications of the original merry-go-rounds used by the children.
In September 1956, all Danbury Township public school classes were consolidated following the addition built on the south side of the high school. Lakeside was now without a public school on its grounds for the first time since 1883.
The vacant stone school was used for storage by the Danbury Township Board of Education for several years, until it was offered for sale to the Lakeside Association. In 1963, Lakeside purchased the school building for $2,500. Lakeside’s original plan was to renovate the school building for use as a dormitory for 100 youth and counselors attending Methodist Youth Fellowship summer institutes. With the addition of iron bunk beds, bathrooms and showers, the building was renamed Ashbury Hall. It was used as a dormitory, first for boys and then co-ed housing until the mid-1970s.
Located seventy miles east of Paris, France lies the World War I Oise-Aisne Cemetery and Memorial. The Oise-Aisne American Cemetery and Memorial serves as the final resting place of 6,012 Americans who gave the ultimate sacrifice during World War I in this vicinity of France, including former Lakesider, Fred Norton. Fred Norton was a pilot in the United States Army Air Forces, stationed at Touqin Aerodrome in France. Norton was killed in action on July 23, 1918, just three days after receiving injuries during aerial combat with German planes.
Fred Norton was born on February 3, 1893 in Marblehead, Ohio to Frank and Catherine "Kate" Lynch Norton and two days later he was baptized at the village's St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church. His father, Frank, was born near Elmore, Ohio in 1868. Fred's mother, Kate, was born in Marblehead in 1877. In September of 1908 Fred entered Lakeside High School, previously located on present route 163, near today's South Entrance to the Lakeside Chautauqua. Lakeside High School’s enrollment in 1908 was only thirteen students and by this time, it had graduated only 26 males and few, if any, of these had come from Marblehead working class homes, similar to Fred’s. This was the beginning of an outstanding academic and athletic career, both at Lakeside High School and the Ohio State University. Fred played and competed in football, baseball, basketball, and track. Perhaps the highlight of Fred’s local athletic stardom came on May 27, 1912, exactly two weeks before he graduated, when Fred competed in the first ever Ottawa County track meet. It was reported that Fred won seven first places and four second places, earning Lakeside High School the title of Ottawa County champions.
Fred Norton was the first four-sport varsity letter winner at Ohio State, competing for the school’s baseball, basketball, football, and track and field teams between 1914-1917. Mentioned at times by the press as the greatest all-around athlete at Ohio State, Norton was the blocking back for Chic Harley on the 1916 championship football team, but he also scored six touchdowns in one half against Indiana that year. He was the baseball team’s most valuable player in 1917, leading the Buckeyes with a .422 batting average. Norton was able to do this while maintaining a 4.0 grade point average and was inducted into the Sphinx Honorary, the oldest and most prestigious honorary at Ohio State.
Fred enlisted in the U.S. Army aviation corps in 1917, after graduation from OSU and received pilot training with the 27th Aero Squadron in Toronto before being sent to France in January 1918. On July 20, 1918, during the Chateau-Thierry campaign, Norton led a patrol of eight American planes over the German lines in the Toul sector. His command gave battle to nine enemy planes. Both guns in Norton’s plane jammed at the beginning of the fight but he stayed in formation. During the engagement, he was attacked at least four times by enemy planes, but overmanuvered them and, as his citation for the Distinguished Service Cross says, “his continued presence was a great moral help to his comrades, who destroyed two of the enemy planes.” He was severely wounded by ground fire while strafing a column of German troops. Although he was able to land his Nieuport 28 behind Allied lines, it took him two days to get to a hospital in an ambulance because of traffic congestion near the Front. He contracted pneumonia and died on July 23 at a military hospital near Angiers. His last conscious act before he died was to scribble a note to his squadron, "Twenty-seventh, more power to you." Norton was then buried in France. For his acts of heroism and valor in the sky, Fred Norton was posthumously awarded The U.S. Army’s Distinguished Service Cross in 1918.
On August 25, 1918, mourners from across the peninsula showed up to St. Joseph's Catholic Church to attend the first mass in memory of Fred Norton. Fred Norton is not only remembered on the Peninsula, but across the state as well. In Columbus stands the Norton House, a dormitorium on Ohio State’s campus that was built in 1962. From 1923 to the early 1950s stood Norton Field, the first airfield to be built in central Ohio. Norton Field was located in Columbus and served as a refuel site for US Mail planes as well as a military training location. On display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio is Norton’s WWI pilot jacket, with the same bullet holes in the back and right arm that cost him his life. Still, not much is known of Fred’s early years and his time spent on the Peninsula. As perhaps the Peninsula’s most interesting and impressive former resident, the story of Fred Norton will continue to be uncovered for years to come.
Written by Evan Engelhart
Looking for a new read to get you through these cold winter months? Check out The Light and Life of Lakeside-on-Lake Erie: 1923-1948, written by John Harding Butler. Published by the Lakeside Association, Light and Life was dedicated to the “Founders and Builders of Lakeside-on-Lake Erie. It celebrates Lakeside’s Diamond Jubilee 75th year and contains a “brief historical account of the programs and events of the past twenty-five years in the light of the previous half century.”
Some highlights from the book include Lakeside’s recreation and sports, parks and gardens, transportation and communication during those 25 years, as well as a brief history of the General Managers, organizations, and buildings that inhibited Lakeside. Butler delves into the story of the religion and Methodism that helped shape and build the Lakeside community. Butler even takes a chance on what he thinks Lakeside’s expansion and future would look like in his chapter, Lakeside Tomorrow. Did he get it right? Come grab a copy and find out for yourself!
John Harding Butler’s The Light and Life of Lakeside-on-Lake Erie: 1923-1948 can be found can be purchased from our online store at lakesideheritagesociety.org, or in the Lakeside Heritage Society museum store located on the corner of East 3rd and Maple Street, open during season Tuesdays-Sunday. Contact Evan Engelhart at email@example.com for more information.
Also on sale in our store, is Eleanor Durr’s Lakeside, Ohio: First 100 Years and Lakeside Lore as well as O.L. Shepard’s The Story of Lakeside.